Vitamin Toxicity: Sometimes your Dog can Get too Much of a Good Thing

Make Sure that your Dog's Diet is Balanced

If you dog's recommended intake of vitamins exceeds what is considered normal,
then vitamin toxicity can result. So, part of a balanced eating plan also includes making
sure that your dog isn't consuming too much of an ingredient or food.

Don't Give your Dog Too Much Liver

For example, vitamin A toxicity can result if you feed your dog too much liver or
provide too much in the way of supplementation, such as fish liver oil.

Toxicity from Vitamin D

Vitamin D toxicity can also occur if your canine receives too much fish liver oil or if he ingests certain plants such as Cestrum diurnum - an ornamental plant that often decorates home interiors.

The Severity of the Toxicity will be Based on the Amount Ingested and the Length of Time that a Vitamin is Consumed Of course, the severity of the toxicity will depend on the length of time that your pet has been consuming the vitamin and how much of it has been ingested. That's why it's always important that you monitor what your pet eats and that you follow a regular schedule when it comes to feeding him.

Symptoms Resulting from Vitamin A Toxicity

In the case of vitamin A toxicity, your dog may display the following symptoms:

-- Anorexia
-- Loss of weight
-- Tiredness or lethargy
-- Sensitivity in the region of the forelimbs or neck
-- Constipation
-- Stiffness
-- Limping (front limbs)

Signs of Vitamin B-6 and Vitamin C Toxicity

Vitamin B-6 toxicity often is marked by light sensitivity and alterations in the nervous system while ingesting too much vitamin C can result in bloating or diarrhea.

Vitamin D Toxicity - Clues that your Dog is Receiving Too Much Vitamin D

If your dog is suffering from vitamin D toxicity, then be on the lookout for such symptoms as:

-- Vomiting
-- Anorexia
-- Excessive thirst
-- Hemorrhaging
-- Arrhythmia
-- Limping
-- Bone pain
-- Loss of interest in routine activities

Making a Diagnosis

If you suspect that your dog is suffering from vitamin toxicity, don't delay in making an appointment with your veterinarian. He can make a diagnosis by reviewing your dog's history and performing a series of diagnostic tests. These tests will usually include a urinalysis, a biochemical profile, and a CBC or complete blood count. He'll also need to take x-rays of the areas of the body that are affected by toxicity, such as the ribs and joints, chest, abdomen, or neck.

Treating Vitamin Toxicity

To effect a cure, a veterinarian will typically order discontinuation of the toxic vitamin and treat the problem, for instance, with the introduction of electrolytes. In some cases, induction of vomiting may be indicated or activated charcoal may be administered. If the toxicity has reached the point where the dog is suffering from arrhythmia or kidney failure, then a specific treatment plan will need to be applied and followed.

Keep Everything in Balance to Avoid Problems with Vitamin Toxicity

Vitamin toxicity can definitely cause a host of illnesses. Therefore, it's important that you avoid giving your dog foods that have too high of level of certain vitamins and make sure that the food you do feed him is nutritionally sound. Keep everything in balance to maintain the health of your pet.